Arbitration is effectively a judicial hearing without the judge. Sometimes it becomes advisable to submit a dispute to one or more arbitrators who specialise in family or succession law. A case may, for instance, involve specific tax issues or require familiarity with international legislation. It may be effective in these cases to appoint specialist arbiters. Arbitration is rare in family law, partly because it is expensive. The process may be shorter, but there is no appeal available. It therefore makes sense to weigh up the pros and cons very carefully.